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Perennial Families

To understand how botanical names are applied, it is necessary briefly to describe how plants are classified, since the units into which they are separated determine the structure of names.

The basic unit of plant classification is the species which can be defined as a group of interbreeding individuals producing more-or-less similar offspring and differing from other similar groups by a number of key characters.

Species which share a number of significant features are grouped together to form a genus. The characteristics of a genus are often quite easy to recognize, making this perhaps the most generally useful level at which plants can be identified for practical purposes. It is common for a plant to be referred to as, for instance, Malva sp., the sp. being an abbreviation of species and indicating an unidentified species of a particular genus. Genera can vary in size from a single species to over a thousand, depending on their distinctive characteristics.

Genera are grouped into larger entities called families. Although families may appear at first to be of only academic interest, knowledge of the family to which an unknown plant belongs can give an indication of the conditions required for successful cultivation.



Family   Genus
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Acoraceae   Acorus
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Actinidiaceae   Actinidia, Clematoclethra
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Adianthaceae   Adiantum, Cheilanthes, Cryptogramma, Doryopteris, Mildella, Pellaea
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Agavaceae   Agave, Beschorneria, Cordyline, Furcraea, Hesperaloe, Yucca
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Aizoaceae   Aptenia, Carpobrotus, Chasmatophyllum, Delosperma, Lampranthus, Malephora, Mesembryanthemum
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Alismataceae   Alisma, Baldellia, Echinodorus, Luronium, Sagittaria
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Alliaceae   Agapanthus, Allium, Nectaroscordum, Nothoscordum, Triteleia, Tulbaghia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Aloaceae   Aloe
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Alstroemeriaceae   Alstroemeria
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Amaryllidaceae   Clivia, Crinum, Habranthus, Hymenocallis, Leucojum, Lycoris, Zephyranthes
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Apiaceae   Aciphylla, Aegopodium, Ammi, Anethum, Angelica, Anthriscus, Apium, Astrantia, Athamanta, Azorella, Berula, Bolax, Bunium, Bupleurum, Carum, Centella, Chaerophyllum, Cicuta, Crithmum, Cryptotaenia, Eryngium, Ferula, Foeniculum, Hacquetia, Heracleum, Hydrocotyle, Laserpitium, Levisticum, Ligusticum, Lomatium, Meum, Myrrhis, Oenanthe, Olymposciadium, Osmorhiza, Pastinaca, Petroselinum, Peucedanum, Pimpinella, Sanicula, Saposhnikovia, Selinum, Seseli, Sium, Smyrnium, Zizia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Apocynaceae   Adenium, Allamanda, Amsonia, Apocynum, Beaumontia, Carissa, Catharanthus, Dipladenia, Elytropus, Mandevilla, Nerium, Pachypodium, Plumeria, Rhazya, Strophanthus, Tabernaemontana, Thevetia, Trachelospermum, Vinca
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Aquifoliaceae   Ilex
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Araceae   Alocasia, Amorphophallus, Arisaema, Arisarum, Arum, Calla, Colocasia, Dracunculus, Lysichiton, Monstera, Orontium, Peltandra, Philodendron, Pinellia, Pistia, Sauromatum, Symplocarpus, Zantedeschia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Araliaceae   Acanthopanax, Aralia, Brassaia, Cussonia, Dendropanax, Eleutherococcus, Fatshedera, Fatsia, Hedera, Kalopanax, Meryta, Nothopanax, Oplopanax, Panax, Pseudopanax, Schefflera, Tetrapanax
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Araucariaceae   Araucaria
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Arecaceae   Archontophoenix, Arecastrum, Brahea, Butia, Caryota, Chamaerops, Cocos, Copernicia, Erythea, Howea, Juania, Jubaea, Kentia, Livistona, Phoenix, Ptychosperma, Rhapidophyllum, Rhapis, Rhopalostylis, Roystonea, Sabal, Syagrus, Trachycarpus, Trithrinax, Washingtonia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Aristolochiaceae   Aristolochia, Asarum, Hexastylis, Saruma
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Asclepiadaceae   Araujia, Asclepias, Cionura, Dregea, Gomphocarpus, Hoya, Oxypetalum, Periploca, Stephanotis, Tweedia, Vincetoxicum, Wattakaka
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Asparagaceae   Asparagus
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Asphodelaceae   Asphodeline, Asphodelus, Bulbinella, Eremurus, Kniphofia, Paradisea, Tritoma
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Aspleniaceae   Asplenium, Ceterach, Phyllitis
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Asteraceae   Achillea, Actinella, Adenostyles, Agathea, Ageratina, Agoseris, Ajania, Ajanthemum, Amberboa, Ammobium, Anacyclus, Anaphalis, Andryala, Antennaria, Anthemis, Aposeris, Arctanthemum, Arctotheca, Argyranthemum, Arnica, Arnoglossum, Artemisia, Aster, Asteriscus, Asteromoea, Atractylodes, Baccharis, Balsamorhiza, Bartlettina, Bellis, Bellium, Berardia, Berlandiera, Bidens, Boltonia, Brachycome, Brachyglottis, Brachyscome, Bracteantha, Buphthalmum, Cacalia, Calendula, Calimeris, Calocephalus, Carduncellus, Carlina, Cassinia, Catananche, Celmisia, Centaurea, Chamaemelum, Chartolepis, Chiliotrichum, Chlorophytum, Chrysanthemopsis, Chrysanthemum, Chrysogonum, Chrysopsis, Cicerbita, Cichorium, Cirsium, Cnicus, Coreopsis, Cosmos, Cotula, Craspedia, Cremanthodium, Crepis, Cynara, Dasyphyllum, Dendranthema, Dimorphoteca, Diuranthera, Doronicum, Echinacea, Echinops, Encelia, Erigeron, Eriocephalus, Eriophyllum, Eupatorium, Euryops, Euthamia, Ewartia, Farfugium, Felicia, Gaillardia, Gazania, Grindelia, Gymnasta, Haplocarpha, Haplopappus, Helenium, Helianthella, Helianthus, Helichrysum, Heliopsis, Hertia, Heterotheca, Hieracium, Hippolytia, Homogyne, Hymenoxys, Hypochaeris, Inula, Ixeris, Jurinea, Kalimeris, Kleinia, Krigia, Lactuca, Lasallea, Leibnitzia, Leontodon, Leontopodium, Leptinella, Leucanthemella, Leucanthemopsis, Leucanthemum, Leucogenes, Leucophyta, Leucoraoulia, Leuzea, Liatris, Ligularia, Marshallia, Matricaria, Microderis, Microglossa, Microseris, Mutisia, Nipponanthemum, Olearia, Onopordum, Osteospermum, Othonna, Othonnopsis, Ozothamnus, Packera, Parthenium, Petasites, Pilosella, Plecostachys, Prenanthes, Pseudogynoxys, Raoulia, Ratibida, Rhaponticum, Rhodanthemum, Rudbeckia, Santolina, Saussurea, Senecio, Seriphidium, Serratula, Silphium, Solidago, Solidaster, Sonchus, Stevia, Stokesia, Syneilesis, Tanacetum, Telanthophora, Telekia, Tephroseris, Thelosperma, Townsendia, Tragopogon, Tripleurospermum, Tussilago, Verbesina, Vernonia, Wedelia, Xerochrysum
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Azollaceae   Azolla
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Balsaminaceae   Impatiens
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Begoniaceae   Begonia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Berberidaceae   Achlys, Berberis, Caulophyllum, Diphylleia, Epimedium, Jeffersonia, Leontice, Mahoberberis, Mahonia, Nandina, Plagiorhegma, Podophyllum, Ranzania, Vancouveria
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Betulaceae   Alnus, Betula
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Bignoniaceae   Anemopaegma, Bignonia, Campsis, Catalpa, Chilopsis, Chitalpa, Clytostoma, Distictis, Doxantha, Eccremocarpus, Incarvillea, Jacaranda, Macfadyena, Pandorea, Phaedranthus, Podranea, Pyrostegia, Tecoma, Tecomaria
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Blechnaceae   Blechnum, Woodwardia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Boraginaceae   Adelocaryum, Anchusa, Arnebia, Borago, Brunnera, Buglossoides, Cerinthe, Cynoglossum, Echium, Ehretia, Eritrichium, Heliotropium, Lindelofia, Lithodora, Lithospermum, Mertensia, Moltkia, Myosotis, Omphalodes, Onosma, Pentaglottis, Pulmonaria, Symphytum, Trachystemon
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Brassicaceae   Aethionema, Alyssoides, Alyssum, Arabis, Armoracia, Aubrieta, Aurinia, Barbarea, Biscutella, Brassica, Cakile, Cardamine, Cheiranthus, Cochlearia, Crambe, Degenia, Dentaria, Draba, Erysimum, Eunomia, Fibigia, Hesperis, Hugueninia, Hutchinsia, Iberis, Isatis, Kernera, Lepidium, Lobularia, Lunaria, Matthiola, Morisia, Nasturtium, Pachyphragma, Petrocallis, Ptilotrichum, Rorippa, Schivereckia, Sisymbrium, Thlaspi, Vella
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Butomaceae   Butomus
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Buxaceae   Buxus, Pachysandra, Sarcococca, Simmondsia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Caesalpiniaceae   Afzelia, Bauhinia, Caesalpinia, Cassia, Ceratonia, Cercis, Gleditsia, Gymnocladus, Parkinsonia, Senna
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Callitrichaceae   Callitriche
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Campanulaceae   Adenophora, Asyneuma, Azorina, Campanla, Campanula, Codonopsis, Cyananthus, Downingia, Edraianthus, Hypsela, Isotoma, Jasione, Laurentia, Lobelia, Physoplexis, Phyteuma, Platycodon, Pratia, Symphyandra, Trachelium, Wahlenbergia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Cannabaceae   Humulus
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Cannaceae   Canna
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Caryophyllaceae   Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Colobanthus, Coronaria, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Herniaria, Lychnis, Melandrium, Minuartia, Moehringia, Paronychia, Petrocoptis, Petrorhagia, Sagina, Saponaria, Scleranthus, Silene, Stellaria, Tunica, Viscaria
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Celastraceae   Catha, Celastrus, Euonymus, Maytenus, Pachistima, Paxistima, Tripterygium
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Cistaceae   Cistus, Fumana, Halimiocistus, Halimium, Helianthemum
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Clusiaceae   Hypericum, Triadenum
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Colchicaceae   Colchicum, Sandersonia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Commelinaceae   Callisia, Commelina, Setcreasea, Tradescantia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Convallariaceae   Aspidistra, Clintonia, Convallaria, Disporopsis, Disporum, Liriope, Maianthemum, Ophiopogon, Polygonatum, Reineckea, Rohdea, Smilacina, Streptopus, Tricyrtis, Tupistra, Uvularia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Convolvulaceae   Calystegia, Convolvulus, Evolvulus, Ipomoea
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Cornaceae   Camptotheca, Cornus, Davidia, Nyssa
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Crassulaceae   Aeonium, Chiastophyllum, Cotyledon, Crassula, Hylotelephium, Jovibarba, Kalanchoe, Orostachys, Prometheum, Rhodiola, Rosularia, Sedum, Sempervivella, Sempervivum, Umbilicus
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Cyperaceae   Baumea, Bolboschoenus, Carex, Cladium, Cyperus, Dichromena, Dulichium, Eleocharis, Eriophorum, Isolepis, Schoenoplectus, Scirpoides, Scirpus, Uncinia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Dipsacaceae   Cephalaria, Dipsacus, Knautia, Pterocephalus, Scabiosa, Succisa, Succisella
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Dracaenaceae   Beaucarnea, Dasylirion, Dracaena, Nolina
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Dryopteridaceae   Arachniodes, Aspidium, Currania, Cyrtomium, Dryopteris, Polystichum, Struthiopteris
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Epacridaceae   Epacris, Leucopogon
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Equisetaceae   Equisetum
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Ericaceae   Agapetes, Andromeda, Arbutus, Arctostaphylos, Arctous, Azalea, Bruckenthalia, Calluna, Cassiope, Chamaedaphne, Chimaphila, Chiogenes, Daboecia, Elliottia, Enkianthus, Epigaea, Erica, Gaulnettya, Gaultheria, Gaylussacia, Harrimanella, Kalmia, Kalmiopsis, Ledodendron, Ledum, Leiophyllum, Leucothoe, Loiseleuria, Lyonia, Menziesia, Orphanidesia, Oxycoccus, Oxydendrum, Pentapterygium, Pernettya, Phylliopsis, Phyllodoce, Phyllothamnus, Pieris, Rhododendron, Rhodothamnus, Tripetaleia, Tsusiophyllum, Vaccinium, Zenobia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Euphorbiaceae   Acalypha, Aleurites, Andrachne, Bischofia, Dalechampia, Euphorbia, Mallotus, Mercurialis, Phyllanthus, Ricinus, Sapium, Securinega
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Eupteleaceae   Euptelea
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Fabaceae   Adenocarpus, Amorpha, Anagyris, Anthyllis, Apios, Argyrocytisus, Astragalus, Baptisia, Calophaca, Campylotropis, Caragana, Carmichaelia, Castanospermum, Chamaecytisus, Chordospartium, Cladrastis, Clianthus, Colutea, Coronilla, Cytisophyllum, Cytisus, Dalea, Daubentonia, Desmodium, Dorycnium, Dumasia, Echinospartium, Erinacea, Erythrina, Galega, Genista, Geoffroea, Glycyrrhiza, Goodia, Halimodendron, Hardenbergia, Hedysarum, Hippocrepis, Indigofera, Kennedia, Laburnocytisus, Laburnum, Lathyrus, Lembotropis, Lespedeza, Lotus, Lupinus, Maackia, Medicago, Millettia, Notospartium, Onobrychis, Ononis, Oxytropis, Parochetus, Petalostemon, Petteria, Phaseolus, Piptanthus, Podalyria, Pueraria, Retama, Robinia, Sarothamnus, Securigera, Sesbania, Sophora, Spartium, Spartocytisus, Sutherlandia, Templetonia, Tetragonolobus, Thermopsis, Tipuana, Trifolium, Ulex, Vicia, Vigna, Viminaria, Virgilia, Wisteria
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Gentianaceae   Centaurium, Gentiana, Sabatia, Swertia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Geraniaceae   Erodium, Geranium, Pelargonium
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Ginkgoaceae   Ginkgo
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Gunneraceae   Gunnera
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Haloragaceae   Haloragis, Myriophyllum
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Hamamelidaceae   Altingia, Corylopsis, Disanthus, Distylium, Fortunearia, Fothergilla, Hamamelis, Liquidambar, Loropetalum, Parrotia, Parrotiopsis, Sinowilsonia, Sycoparrotia, Sycopsis
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Hemerocallidaceae   Hemerocallis
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Hostaceae   Hosta
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Hyacinthaceae   Albuca, Bellevalia, Camassia, Chionodoxa, Eucomis, Galtonia, Muscari, Ornithogalum, Puschkinia, Scilla
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Hydrocharitaceae   Egeria, Elodea, Hydrocharis, Lagarosiphon, Stratiotes, Vallisneria
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Iridaceae   Belamcanda, Crocosmia, Dierama, Diplarrhena, Gladiolus, Hesperantha, Iris, Libertia, Montbretia, Pardancanda, Pardanthopsis, Schizostylis, Sisyrinchium
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Juncaceae   Juncus, Luzula
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Lamiaceae   Acinos, Agastache, Ajuga, Ballota, Betonica, Blephilia, Calamintha, Cedronella, Chelonopsis, Clinopodium, Collinsonia, Colquhounia, Conradina, Cunila, Dracephalum, Dracocephalum, Elsholtzia, Galeobdolon, Glechoma, Horminum, Hyssopus, Keiskea, Lamiastrum, Lamium, Lavandula, Leonotis, Leonurus, Lycopus, Majorana, Marrubium, Meehania, Melissa, Melittis, Mentha, Micromeria, Monarda, Monardella, Nepeta, Ocimum, Origanum, Perovskia, Phlomis, Physostegia, Plectranthus, Preslia, Prostanthera, Prunella, Pycnanthemum, Rosmarinus, Salvia, Satureja, Schizonepeta, Scutellaria, Stachys, Teucrium, Thymus, Westringia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Lauraceae   Cinnamomum, Laurus, Lindera, Neolitsea, Persea, Phoebe, Sassafras, Umbellularia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Liliaceae   Cardiocrinum, Erythronium, Fritillaria, Lilium, Lloydia, Nomocharis
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Linaceae   Linum
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Lythraceae   Cuphea, Decodon, Heimia, Lagerstroemia, Lythrum, Punica
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Magnoliaceae   Liriodendron, Magnolia, Manglietia, Michelia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Malvaceae   Abutilon, Alcea, Althaea, Alyogyne, Anisodontea, Callirhoe, Hibiscus, Hoheria, Iliamna, Kitaibela, Kosteletzkya, Lagunaria, Lavatera, Malva, Malvastrum, Malvaviscus, Napaea, Pavonia, Phymosia, Plagianthus, Sida, Sidalcea, Sphaeralcea
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Melanthiaceae   Heloniopsis, Melanthium, Tofieldia, Veratrum, Xerophyllum, Zigadenus
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Menyanthaceae   Menyanthes, Nymphoides, Villarsia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Mimosaceae   Acacia, Albizia, Calliandra, Desmanthus, Inga, Leucaena, Paraserianthes, Prosopis, Schrankia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Moraceae   Broussonetia, Cudrania, Ficus, Maclura, Morus
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Musaceae   Ensete, Musa
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Myrsinaceae   Ardisia, Myrsine
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Myrtaceae   Acca, Agonis, Amomyrtus, Angophora, Baeckea, Blepharocalyx, Callistemon, Chamelaucium, Eucalyptus, Eugenia, Feijoa, Kunzea, Leptospermum, Lophomyrtus, Lophostemon, Luma, Melaleuca, Metrosideros, Myrtus, Psidium, Syncarpia, Syzygium, Tristania, Tristaniopsis, Ugni
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Nyctaginaceae   Bougainvillea, Mirabilis
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Nymphaeaceae   Nuphar, Nymphaea
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Onagraceae   Calylophus, Chamaenerion, Chamerion, Circaea, Epilobium, Fuchsia, Gaura, Jussiaea, Ludwigia, Oenothera, Zauschneria
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Orchidaceae   Amitostigma, Bletia, Bletilla, Calanthe, Calopogon, Cremastra, Cymbidium, Cypripedium, Dactylorhiza, Epipactis, Goodyera, Habenaria, Ophrys, Orchis, Pecteilis, Pleione, Spiranthes
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Osmundaceae   Osmunda
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Oxalidaceae   Oxalis
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Paeoniaceae   Paeonia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Papaveraceae   Adlumia, Bocconia, Chelidonium, Corydalis, Dendromecon, Dicentra, Dicranostigma, Eomecon, Glaucium, Hylomecon, Macleaya, Meconopsis, Papaver, Romneya, Sanguinaria, Stylophorum
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Phytolaccaceae   Ercilla, Phytolacca
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Piperaceae   Piper
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Plantaginaceae   Littorella, Plantago
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Plumbaginaceae   Acantholimon, Armeria, Ceratostigma, Goniolimon, Limoniastrum, Limonium, Plumbago, Statice
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Poaceae   Achnatherum, Agropyron, Agrostis, Alopecurus, Ammophila, Ampelodesmos, Andropogon, Anthoxanthum, Arrhenatherum, Arundinaria, Arundo, Asperella, Avena, Avenella, Avenula, Bambusa, Bashania, Bonia, Bouteloua, Brachypodium, Brachystachyum, Briza, Bromus, Buchloe, Calamagrostis, Cenchrus, Chasmanthium, Chimobambusa, Chimonobambusa, Chondrosum, Chrysopogon, Chusquea, Cinna, Cortaderia, Corynephorus, Cymbopogon, Dactylis, Dendrocalamus, Deschampsia, Diarrhena, Drepanostachyum, Eleymus, Elymus, Eragrostis, Erianthus, Fargesia, Festuca, Glyceria, Gynerium, Hakonechloa, Helictotrichon, Hibanobambusa, Hierochloe, Himalayacalamus, Holcus, Hordeum, Hygroryza, Hyparrhenia, Hystrix, Imperata, Indocalamus, Koeleria, Leersia, Leymus, Lygeum, Melica, Melinus, Milium, Miscanthus, Molinia, Muhlenbergia, Oryzopsis, Panicum, Pennisetum, Phalaris, Phragmites, Phyllostachys, Pleioblastus, Poa, Pseudosasa, Qiongzhuea, Rhynchelytrum, Saccharum, Sasa, Sasaella, Schizachyrium, Semiarundinaria, Sesleria, Shibataea, Sinarundinaria, Sinobambusa, Sitanon, Sorghastrum, Spartina, Sphenopholis, Spodiopogon, Sporobolus, Stipa, Thamnocalamus, Themeda, Tridens, Tripsacum, Uniola, Yushania, Zizania, Zoysia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Polemoniaceae   Cantua, Ipomopsis, Phlox, Polemonium
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Polygalaceae   Polygala
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Polygonaceae   Aconogonon, Antigonon, Eriogonum, Fallopia, Homalocladium, Muehlenbeckia, Oxyria, Persicaria, Polygonum, Reynoutria, Rheum, Rumex, Tovara
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Polypodiaceae   Lepisorus, Polypodium, Pyrrosia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Pontederiaceae   Eichhornia, Pontederia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Portulacaceae   Calandrinia, Claytonia, Crunocallis, Lewisia, Montia, Neopaxia, Talinum
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Potamogetonaceae   Groenlandia, Potamogeton
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Primulaceae   Anagallis, Androsace, Coris, Cortusa, Cyclamen, Dionysia, Dodecatheon, Douglasia, Hottonia, Lysimachia, Primula, Soldanella, Trientalis, Vitaliana
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Ranunculaceae   Aconitum, Actaea, Adonis, Anemone, Anemonella, Anemonopsis, Aquilegia, Callianthemum, Caltha, Cimicifuga, Clematis, Coptis, Delphinium, Eranthis, Ficaria, Helleborus, Hepatica, Hydrastis, Isopyrum, Pulsatilla, Ranunculus, Semiaquilegia, Thalictrum, Trollius, Xanthorhiza
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Resedaceae   Reseda
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Rosaceae   Acaena, Agrimonia, Alchemilla, Amelanchier, Amelasorbus, Aronia, Aruncus, Cercocarpus, Chaenomeles, Comarum, Cotoneaster, Cowania, Crataegomespilus, Crataegus, Crataemespilus, Cyathodes, Cydonia, Dryas, Duchesnea, Eriobotrya, Eriolobus, Exochorda, Fallugia, Filipendula, Fragaria, Geum, Gillenia, Heteromeles, Holodiscus, Kerria, Leucopogon, Luetkea, Lyonothamnus, Maddenia, Malosorbus, Malus, Margyricarpus, Mespilus, Neillia, Neviusia, Oemleria, Osmaronia, Osteomeles, Petrophytum, Photinia, Physocarpus, Polylepis, Porteranthus, Potentilla, Poterium, Pourthiaea, Prinsepia, Prunus, Pseudocydonia, Purshia, Pyracantha, Pyracomeles, Pyrus, Rhaphiolepis, Rhodotypos, Rosa, Rubus, Sanguisorba, Sarcopoterium, Sibbaldia, Sibbaldiopsis, Sibiraea, Sieversia, Sorbaria, Sorbaronia, Sorbocotoneaster, Sorbus, Spiraea, Stephanandra, Stranvaesia, Stranvinia, Waldsteinia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Rutaceae   Acradenia, Boenninghausenia, Boronia, Calodendrum, Choisya, Citrofortunella, Citroncirus, Citrus, Coleonema, Correa, Crowea, Dictamnus, Diosma, Eriostemon, Euodia, Fortunella, Murraya, Orixa, Phellodendron, Poncirus, Ptelea, Ruta, Skimmia, Tetradium, Xanthoxylum, Zanthoxylum
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Salicaceae   Populus, Salix
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Saururaceae   Houttuynia, Saururus
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Saxifragaceae   Aceriphyllum, Astilbe, Astilboides, Bergenia, Boykinia, Chrysosplenium, Darmera, Elmera, Francoa, Heuchera, Heucherella, Leptarrhena, Lithophragma, Mitella, Mukdenia, Peltiphyllum, Peltoboykinia, Rodgersia, Saxifraga, Tellima, Tiarella, Tolmiea
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Scrophulariaceae   Alonsoa, Angelonia, Antirrhinum, Asarina, Bacopa, Calceolaria, Castilleja, Celsia, Chaenorhinum, Chelone, Chionohebe, Collinsia, Cymbalaria, Derwentia, Diascia, Digitalis, Erinus, Freylinia, Gratiola, Hebe, Heliohebe, Isoplexis, Lagotis, Leucophyllum, Linaria, Lindernia, Lophospermum, Maurandya, Mazus, Mimulus, Nemesia, Nothochelone, Ourisia, Parahebe, Paulownia, Pedicularis, Penstemon, Phygelius, Pygmaea, Rehmannia, Rhodochiton, Russellia, Scrophularia, Sutera, Synthyris, Verbascum, Veronica, Veronicastrum, Wulfenia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Simaroubaceae   Ailanthus, Picrasma
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Smilacaceae   Smilax
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Solanaceae   Acnistus, Atropa, Browallia, Brugmansia, Brunfelsia, Calibrachoa, Cestrum, Cyphomandra, Datura, Dunalia, Fabiana, Iochroma, Lycianthes, Lycium, Mandragora, Nierembergia, Physalis, Scopolia, Solandra, Solanum, Streptosolen, Vestia, Withania
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Thelypteridaceae   Parathelypteris, Phegopteris, Thelypteris
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Typhaceae   Sparganium, Typha
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Valerianaceae   Centranthus, Patrinia, Valeriana
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Verbenaceae   Aloysia, Callicarpa, Caryopteris, Clerodendrum, Duranta, Giandularia, Lantana, Lippia, Phyla, Premna, Rhaphithamnus, Verbena, Vitex
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Violaceae   Hymenanthera, Melicytus, Viola
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Vitaceae   Ampelopsis, Cissus, Parthenocissus, Tetrastigma, Vitis
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Woodsiaceae   Athyrium, Cystopteris, Deparia, Gymnocarpium, Matteuccia, Onoclea, Woodsia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Zamiaceae   Dioon, Encephalartos, Zamia
---------------   ----------------------------------------
Zingiberaceae   Amomum, Cautleya, Costus, Curcuma, Hedychium, Roscoea, Zingiber

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